What does the Constitution say about our judicial system?

It’s Constitution Day, the day 230 years ago that the document governing our nation was signed and sent to the states to be ratified. Part of the genius of the Constitution, and its authors, was the governing system it created. This system was meant to give power to the American people, and to keep the newly created branches of government checked by each other.

The legislative branch of the federal government –  the House of Representatives and Senate – create the laws, according to the Constitution. The executive branch – the President and his administration – execute those laws. The judiciary branch – the Supreme Court and lower federal courts – interpret the laws.

Those in the judiciary branch are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. Because they aren’t directly elected by the American people, their power extends to “Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution.” Their job is to interpret, not to create an agenda. Sometimes judges overstep their role and attempt to legislate from the bench, but their job remains to adhere to the Constitution.

Our Founders and the authors of the Constitution afforded us a brilliant system of government in which the branches of government check and balance each other, and our judges protect and defend the law.